The Mythology of “Delayed Aging” in the Practice and Theory of Accompanying Human Development During Adulthood

Abstract: 
Refusal to grow up and the absence of markers of maturation are described as more or less normative “delays” of mental and other development, and refusal of aging and the absence of corresponding markers are described as a certain, also temporary, partly desirable, but still “risky” phenomenon. In exploring this question, we are faced with another question: what kind of risks are meant, what and for whom appears and is (if it is) risky? The purpose of the study is to understand the mythology of “delayed aging” in the practice and theory of accompanying human development during adulthood. The research method is a theoretical analysis of the problems of “delayed aging” in the practice and theory of accompanying human development during adulthood. The mythology of “delayed aging” also plays a positive role in the practice and theory of accompanying human development during adulthood, and a negative role, like the well-known phenomenon of “vitauct”, which allows, on the one hand, to explain phenomena that do not fit into the normative scheme of aging, and, on the other hand, reflects the general reluctance of specialists to reconsider the very concept of aging and old age, its mechanisms and boundaries. This is manifested both in biomedical and socio-psychological and age-pedagogical studies. At the same time, a complex of data is ignored that aging, like growing up, is socioculturally normalized and, thus, “programmed” at the level of socio-psychological scenarios transmitted during upbringing and training, as well as subsequent human life through all existing channels and spheres of human relations. The mythology of “delayed aging” in modern practice and theory of accompanying human development during adulthood is one of the simulacra that makes it possible to describe the attempts of aging people to remain human and solve the problems of self-actualization as self-realization, despite the compulsion surrounding them to die after completing, to varying degrees, successful attempts at self-realization.
doi: 

10.25990/socinstras.pss-22.vvzy-k390

edn: 
QPKQYU
References: 
  • Abramova G. About old age (51-65 years). About old age (over 65 years old). In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 464-489. (In Russ.)
  • Adler A. The Science of Living. Kyiv, Port-Royal, 1997, 400 p. (In Russ.)
  • Aldwin C., Gilmer D. F. Health, Illness, and Optimal Aging: Biological and psychosocial perspectives. New York, Springer Publishing Company, 2013, 400 р.
  • Alexandrova M. D. Problems of social and psychological gerontology. St. Petersburg, Neva, 2004, 324 p. (In Russ.)
  • Aliev J. F., Borodulina S. A. Project of a social scoring platform (materials for the Academic Council of the RGSU). RGSUlife, 2022, September 7. URL: https://rgsu.net/about/activities/press_centre/life/platform/rgsu-life_2... (access date: 15.03.2023) (In Russ.)
  • Alperovich V. N. Social gerontology. Rostov-on-Don, Phoenix, 2005, 315 p. (In Russ.)
  • Antsyferova L. I. Late period of human life: types of aging and possibilities of progressive development of the individual. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 490-511. (In Russ.)
  • Antsyferova L. I. New stages of late life: time of warm autumn or harsh winter? In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 564-575. (In Russ.)
  • Arefieva T. K. Social problems of the elderly in modern Russian society. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 125-126. (In Russ.)
  • Arpenteva M. R. Relationships of elderly and old people to themselves and the world and options for psychological help. Clinical gerontology, 2017, vol. 23, no. 9-10, pp. 4-6. (In Russ.)
  • Arpentyeva M. R. Conflict competence and integrative model of crisis therapy. Current problems of the humanities and socio-economic sciences, 2019, no. 13, pp. 16-21. (In Russ.)
  • Arpentyeva M. R. Psychological and pedagogical conditions of growing up and strategies for understanding oneself and the world. Bulletin of the Donetsk Pedagogical Institute, 2018, no. 2, pp. 79-88. (In Russ.)
  • Baltes M. M. The psychology of the oldest — old: The Fourth Age. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 1998, vol. 11, pp. 411-415.
  • Baltes P. B. Theoretical propositions of lifespan developmental psychology: On the dynamics between growth and decline. Developmental Psychology, 1987, vol. 23, pp. 611-626.
  • Barnes S. F. Third age-the golden years of adulthood. San Diego State University Interwork Institute. URL: http://calbooming.sdsu.edu/documents/TheThirdAge.pdf (access date: 10.10.2023).
  • Baudrillard J. Consumer Society. His myths and structures. Afterword and note by E. A. Samarskaya. Moscow, Republic; Cultural Revolution, 2006, 269 p. (In Russ.)
  • Beauvoir de S. Old age. Social gerontology. Modern research. Moscow, RAS, 1994, pp. 17-40. (In Russ.)
  • Betina E. M. Personal self-realization in old age through overcoming the age crisis. PhD in Psychology paper. Tambov, G. R. Derzhavin Tambov State University, 2007, 177 p. (In Russ.)
  • Bokhan T. G., Stoyanova I. Ya., Ulyanich A. L., Shabalovskaya M. V., Skavinskaya E. N., Kuzi A. Yu., Terekhina O. V., Bozhenkova K. A. Psychological consultation. Tomsk, Publishing House of Tomsk State University, 2017, part 2: Psychological counseling in social practices of psychological assistance, 164 p. (In Russ.)
  • Borozdina L. V., Molchanova O. I. Peculiarities of self-esteem in late age. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 538-563. (In Russ.)
  • Bratus B. S. On the problem of personality development in adulthood. Bulletin of the Moscow Univ. Ser 14. Psychology, 1980, no. 2, pp. 9-12. (In Russ.)
  • Devereux G. Heterosexual Behavior of the Mohave Indians. Psychoanalysis and the Social Sciences, 1950, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 85-128.
  • Dmitriev A. V. Social problems of older people. St. Petersburg, Piter, 2005, 254 p. (In Russ.)
  • Erickson E. Identity: youth, crisis. Moscow, Moscow State University Publishing House, 412 p. (In Russ.)
  • Frolkis V. V. Aging and increasing life expectancy. St. Petersburg, Piter, 2005, 248 p. (In Russ.)
  • Gunther E., Kempfe L., Libbert E., Muller H. Fundamentals of general biology. Moscow, Mir, 1982, 440 p. (In Russ.)
  • Karsaevskaya T. V., Shatalov A. T. Philosophical aspects of gerontology. Moscow, Knowledge, 2000, 308 p. (In Russ.)
  • Kholostova E. I. Social work with older people. Moscow, Dashkov and K Publishing and trading corporation, 2005, 412 p. (In Russ.)
  • Krasnova O. V., Liders A. G. Psychology of old age and aging. Moscow, Academy, 2004, 288 p. (In Russ.)
  • Kritskaya G. V. Psychological aspects of the third age. Moscow, Nauka, 2004, 308 p. (In Russ.)
  • Larouche E., Hudon C., Goulet S. Potential benefits of mindfulness-based interventions in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease: An interdisciplinary perspective. Behavioral Brain Research journal, 2015, January, vol. 1, no. 276, pр. 199-212. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2014.05.058.
  • Laslett P. Societal development and aging. In Binstock R. H., Shanas E. (eds.). Handbook of aging and the social sciences. New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1985, pp. 199-230.
  • Leontyev D. A. Psychology of meaning: nature, structure and dynamics of semantic reality. Moscow, Smysl, 2007, 480 p. (In Russ.)
  • Levin P. The Eye of the Real Revival. All 7 Tibetan pearls in one book. Moscow, AST Publishing House, 2010, 130 p. (In Russ.)
  • Livenhood B. Life crises are life chances. Kaluga, Spiritual knowledge, 1994, 224 p. (In Russ.)
  • Martinson M., Berridge C. Successful Aging and Its Discontents: A Systematic Review of the Social Gerontology Literature. Gerontologist, 2015, vol. 55, no. 1, pр. 58-69.
  • Martsinkovskaya T. D. Peculiarities of mental development in late age. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 334-338. (In Russ.)
  • Maslow A. G. Motivation and personality. St. Petersburg, Eurasia, 1999, 420 p. (In Russ.)
  • Medvedeva G. P. Introduction to social gerontology. Moscow, Voronezh, MPSI, 2000, 315 p. (In Russ.)
  • Melyokhin A. I. Psychological models of successful aging (review of foreign studies). Dubna Psychological Journal, 2014, no. 2, pp. 44-61. (In Russ.)
  • Milkamanovich V. K. Fundamentals of social gerontology. Minsk, Belarus, 2008, 191 p. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Adulthood: types and contexts of analysis. Psychology of maturity and aging, 2000a, no. 1, pp. 5-18. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Personality types and social contacts of people of late age. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004a, pp. 350-364. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Phases and problems of adult personality development. Psychology of maturity and aging, 2003, no. 3, pp. 26-31. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Problems and resources of the elderly. Domestic Journal of Social Work, 2004b, no. 3, pp. 21-24. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Psychotherapy as a process of personal maturation and development of understanding. Psychology of maturity and aging, 2000b, no. 4, pp. 76-94. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Social ideas about health and problems of psychological assistance to older people. Psychology of maturity and aging, 2000, no. 2, pp. 37-44. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Socio-psychological and sociological aspects of adulthood: problems of socialization of the adult personality (special course program). Psychology of maturity and aging, 2000, no. 3, pp. 37-52. (In Russ.)
  • Minigalieva M. R. Training “age of life” and the development of mutual understanding between people of different age groups. Psychology of maturity and aging, 2001, no. 1, pp. 64-89. (In Russ.)
  • Moiseev N. N., Aleksandrov V. V., Tarko A. M. Man and the biosphere. Experience in systems analysis and experiments with models. Moscow, Science. Main editorial office of physical and mathematical literature, 1985, 272 p. (In Russ.)
  • Moskvicheva L. N. Adaptation of elderly people in the modern situation (two images of aging). In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 143-145. (In Russ.)
  • Murodova M. H.-K. Mayan calendars. European science, 2019, no. 4 (46), pp. 17-19. (In Russ.)
  • Neugarten B. L. Age Groups in American Society and the Rise of the Young-Old. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1974, vol. 415, iss. 1, pp. 187-198.
  • Popova T. A. Meaningful orientations and personal locus of control as resources for successful aging. Bulletin of the Perm State Humanitarian-Pedagogical University. Series No. 1: Psychological and Pedagogical Sciences, 2019, no. 1, pp. 49-58. DOI: 10.24411/2308­7218-2019-00006. (In Russ.)
  • Pryazhnikov N. S. Personal self-determination in old age. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 445-463. (In Russ.)
  • Rogozin D. M. Liberalization of aging, or work, knowledge and health in older age. Sociological Journal, 2012, no. 4, pp. 62-93. (In Russ.)
  • Rose P. L. (ed.). Socialization and the life cycle. New York, St. Martin’s press, 1979, 411 p.
  • Sakharova T. N. Emotional and moral sphere of older people (experience ofpsychological research). Moscow, Prometheus, 2011, 140 p. (In Russ.)
  • Saladin R. Secret a Long Life: Life up to 120 years Hunza tribes and blue zones. New York, f Independently published, 2018, 200 p.
  • Sapogova E. E. Existential psychology of adulthood. Moscow, Smysl, 2013, 400 p. (In Russ.)
  • Schrodinger E. What is life? Physical aspect of a living cell. Moscow, Izhevsk, Research Center “Regular and Chaotic Dynamics”, 2002, 92 p. (In Russ.)
  • Senkevich L. V., Shagidaeva A. B. Existential problems of personality in modern foreign gerontopsychology: results of analysis of research over the past five years. Modern foreign psychology, 2017, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 22-29. DOI: 10.17759/jmfp.2017060303. (In Russ.)
  • Sergienko E. A., Kharlamenkova N. E. Psychological factors of successful aging. Bulletin of the St. Petersburg. State university. Psychology and pedagogy, 2018, vol. 8, iss. 3, pp. 243-257. (In Russ.)
  • Shakhmatov N. F. Aging is a time of personal knowledge of eternal issues and true values. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed. & comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 685-694. (In Russ.)
  • Shapiro V. D. A retired person (social problems and lifestyle). Moscow, Academy, 2000, 312 p. (In Russ.)
  • Shapovalenko I. V. Social situation of development in old age. In Raigorodskiy Ya. (ed.- comp.). Psychology of old age: Reader. Samara, BAKHRAH-M, 2004, pp. 525-537. (In Russ.)
  • Stewart-Hamilton Ya. Psychology. St. Petersburg, Piter, 2010, 320 p. (In Russ.)
  • Strizhitskaya O. Yu. Fundamentals of psychogerontology. St. Petersburg, St. Petersburg State University, 2016, 77 p. (In Russ.)
  • Tornstam L. Maturing Into Gerotranscendence. Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, vol. 43, no. 2, p. 166-180.
  • Urozhenko V. V. Vice-Rector for Scientific Activities V. V. Urozhenko about the project “We”. RGSU life, 2023, October 4. URL: https://rgsu.net/about/activities/press_centre/life/society/rgsu-life_34... (access date: 15.03.2023).
  • Vostokov V. F. Secrets of Tibetan medicine. Moscow, Dilya, 2000, 224 p. (In Russ.) Vulfov B. Z. Elderly people: the drama of lack of demand. In N. B. Shmeleva (ed.). Elderly people: problems of age and aspects of social protection: Interuniversity collection. scientific works. Ulyanovsk, Publishing house of the branch of Moscow M. V. Lomonosov State University, 1995, pp. 40-42. (In Russ.)
  • Yarkina T. F. Secrets of Japanese longevity. In T. F. Yarkina, V. G. Bocharova (eds.). Theory and practice of social work: domestic and foreign experience. In 2 vols. Moscow, Tula, Association of Social Pedagogues and Social. workers of Russia, Russian Academy of Education, 1993, vol. 2, pp. 63-69. (In Russ.)
  • Yurevich A. V. Aging as a psychological problem. Science. Culture. Society, 2018, no. 1, pp. 5-19. (In Russ.)