Political socialization, social networks and communications: the main directions of research

This paper analyzes the main theoretical approaches to the study of political socialization and communication, reveals the features of the study of these processes in foreign and Russian discourse. The paper determines that studies normally describe the potential capabilities of agents and institutions of including social groups in offline political processes and political Internet communications. Based on the studied material, it is concluded that in social networks there is an active exchange of political information and ideas between users. A separate area of research is the analysis of the activities of political subjects, political sentiments of citizens, politics in promoting ideas or political programs among citizens. Consideration of empirical methods for studying the structure of political communication networks of Internet users showed that “hierarchy” and “social differentiation” are the key to the analysis of social networks. Particular attention was paid to the experience of researching communication networks. Gratitude: The work was supported by "Expert institute of social research" (EISR), scientific project "Gaming technologies of involvеment and conviction in political and civil communications in modern Russia" (№ 1022061700190-3-5.6.1).

For citation: Kolesnik N.V., Kornienko A.V., Khosueva S.D. Political socialization, social networks and communications: the main directions of research. St. Petersburg Sociology Today. 2022. N. 18. P. 86-100. DOI:10.25990/socinstras.pss-18.1j02-j832

  • Almond G. The civic culture: political attitudes and democracy in five nations. Princeton, 1963.
  • Atkin Ch.K., Gantz W. Television News and Political Socialization. Public Opinion Quarterly, 1978, vol. 42, № 2, pp. 183-194.
  • Baranova V.N. Problems of political socialization in modern Russia. Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University. Series 12, 2011, issue 2, pp. 269-274.
  • Buckingham D. News media, political socialization and popular citizenship: towards a new agenda. Critical Studies in Mass Communication, N 14(4), 1997, pp. 344-366.
  • Castells M. Communication, power and counter-power in the network society. International journal of communication, № 1, 2007, pp. 238-266.
  • Easton D., Dennis J. Children in the Political System: Origins of Political Legitimacy. N.Y.: McGraw-Hill, 1969.
  • Freeman L.C. The Development of Social Network Analysis: A Study in the Sociology of Science. Vancouver, CA: Empirical Press, 2004.
  • Greenstein F.I. A Note on the Ambiguity of “Political Socialization”: Definitions, Criticisms, and Strategies of Inquiry. The Journal of Politics, 1970, vol. 32, № 4, pp. 969-978.
  • Hess R. D., Torney J. V. The Development of Political Attitudes in Children. Chicago, 1967.
  • Hyman H. Political Socialization. A Study in the Psychology of Political Behavior. Glencoe: The Free Press, 1959.
  • Ilyin A.N. Internet as an alternative to politically biased media. Polis. Political studies, 2012, No. 4, pp. 126-136 (In Russ).
  • Jennings М. К., Niemi R. G. The transmission of political values from parent to child. American Political Science Review, 1968, N 62(1), pp. 169-184.
  • Merelman R. M. Revitalizing Political Socialization. In: Hermann M. (ed.) Political Psychology. San-Francisco, 1986.
  • Merelman R. M. The family and political socialization: Toward a theory of exchange. Journal of Politics, 1980, № 42, pp. 461-486.
  • Niemi R.G., Hepburn M. A. The Rebirth of Political Socialization. Perspectives on Political Science, 1995, vol. 24, pp.7-16.
  • O'Neil M. Cyberchiefs: Autonomy and Authority in Online Tribes. London, Pluto Press, 2009.
  • Political socialization of Russian citizens during the transformation. Ed. E. B. Shestopal, Moscow, New Chronograph, 2008, 552 p.
  • Руе L. Political Communication. In: The Blackwell Encyclopedia of Political Institutions, Oxford. N. Y, 1987.
  • Rainie L., Wellman B. Networked: The New Social Operating System. Cambridge, London, The MIT Press, 2012.
  • Smith M., Rainie L., Shneiderman B., Himelboim I. Mapping Twitter Topic Networks: From Polarized Crowds to Community Clusters. Pew Research Internet Project. 2014. URL: http://www.pewinternet.org/files/2014/02/PIP_Mapping-Twitter-networks_02... (access date: 25.04.2022).
  • Van Dijk J. A theory of the digital divide. In: The Digital Divide. The internet and social inequality in international perspective. Ed. Ragnedda M., Muschert G.W. New York, Routledge, 2013.
  • Wasserman S., Faust K. Social Network Analysis. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994.
  • Westholm A. The perceptual pathway: Tracing the mechanisms of political value transfer across generations. Political Psychology, 1999, № 20 (3), pp. 525-551.
  • Rainie L., Smith A., Schlozman K.L., Brady H., Verba S. Social Media and Political Engagement. Pew Research Internet Project. 2012. URL: http://www.pewinternet.org/files/old-media//Files/Reports/2012/PIP_Socia... (access date: 02.06.2022).
  • Zubok Yu. A., Sorokin O. V. Institutional and self-regulatory mechanisms for the formation of the political consciousness of youth. Nauka. Culture. Society, 2010, N 1, pp. 16–29. (In Russ).