The phenomenon of “childhood” in the Russian artistic consciousness in the XIX and XX centuries against the background of “postmodernity”. Through the eyes of a sociologist

It is known that the attitude towards a child in society as a child, as well as understanding of the nature of childhood, is a relatively recent phenomenon by historical standards. At the same time, to realize these two tasks, today’s society seems to have a correspondingly good economic and epistemological resource. However, the problems remain and even get worse. Modern postmodern civilization noticeably and arbitrarily deviates from the classical paradigm of “childhood”, giving way to “new” practices and concepts: “childfree”, “disappearing childhood”, “parental infantilism”, “childhood under the protectorate of adults”, etc. In this regard, the experience of understanding and depicting childhood in serious fiction — specifically, in Russian prose of the 19th and early 20th centuries, which presents childhood images that are not distorted by the “doubtful uncertainty” (J. Habermas) of the current modernity, should be of interest for “childhood sociology”. The article explores the theme of “childhood”, as it is reflected in the works of Tolstoy, Chekhov, Bunin and others.

For citation: Shcelkin A.G. The phenomenon of “childhood” in the Russian artistic consciousness in the XIX and XX centuries against the background of “postmodernity”. Through the eyes of a sociologist. St. Petersburg Sociology Today. 2020. N. 13/14. P. 23-60. DOI:10.25990/socinstras.pss-13-14.sqmg-yn35

  • Belinskiy V. Obshchaya ideya narodnoy poezii [General idea of folk poetry]. Belinskiy V. Poln. sobr. soch: V 13 t. [PCC, In 13 vols]. Moscow, Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1954, vol. 5. (In Russian)
  • Belinskiy V. O vospitanii detey voobshche i o detskoy knige [On the upbringing of children in general and the children's book]. Antologiya pedagogicheskoy mysli Rossii pervoy poloviny XIX v [Anthology of pedagogical thought in Russia in the first half of the 19th century]. Moscow, Pedagogika, 1987. (In Russian)
  • Belinskiy V. Sobranie sochineniy: V 3 t. [Collected works, In 3 vols] Moscow, OGIZ, GIHL, 1948. (In Russian)
  • Bell D. The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism. N. Y., Basic Books, 1976. Bozhovich L. Lichnost’ i ee formirovanie v detskom vozraste [Personality and its formation in childhood]. Saint Petersburg, Piter, 2008, 398 p. (In Russian)
  • Bunin I. Izbrannye sochineniya [Selected Works]. Moscow, Olma-Press, 2003, 831 p. (In Russian)
  • Chekhov A. P. Pis’ma // Chekhov A. P. Poln. sobr. soch: V 30 t. [PSS, In 30 vols]. Moscow, Nauka, 1976, vol. 3, pp. 173-174. (In Russian)
  • Dol’to F. Na storone rebenka [On the side of the child]. Saint Petersburg, Peterburg-XXI vek, 1997, 526 p. (In Russian)
  • Ermilov V. Chekhov: 1860-1904 [Chekhov 1860-1904]. Moscow, Molodaya gvardiya, 1951, 432 p. (In Russian)
  • Gogol’ N. V. Mertvye dushi: glavy iz poemy [Dead souls: chapters from a poem]. Moscow, AST; Astrel’; Olimp, 2000, 235 p. (In Russian)
  • Istomina O., Maypil’ E. Sotsializiruyushchie funktsii sovremennogo instituta sem’i [Socializing functions of the modern institution of the family]. Sem'ya v sovremennom mire: Materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchnoy konferentsii [Family in the modern world]. Saint Petersburg, Renome, 2019. (In Russian)
  • Kislov A. Opravdanie detstva kak fenomen kul'tury: filosofskiy analiz: Avtoref. dis ... d-rafilos. nauk [Justification of childhood as a cultural phenomenon: philosophical analysis: Author's abstract. dis. ... Dr. Philos. Sciences]; 09.00.2013. Ekaterinburg5 Izd-vo Ural. un-ta, 2002, 46 p. (In Russian)
  • Kon I. Rebenok i obshchestvo [Child and Society]. Moscow, Nauka, 1988, 269 p. (In Russian)
  • Kotkin Dzh., Sigel G. Kuda delis’ vse deti? (2013) [Where did all the children go?]. Internet-proekt InoSMI.RU [The Daily Beast], URL: html (access date: 21.12.2020). (In Russian)
  • Lasch Ch. The Culture of Narcissism. N. Y., Norton, 1979.
  • Lorents K. Kol'tso tsarya Solomona [Ring of the King Solomon]. Moscow, Znanie, 1978, 208 p. (In Russian)
  • Lotman Yu. Pushkin: Biografiya pisatelya [Biography of the writer]. Saint Petersburg, Iskusstvo-SPB, 1995, 845 p. (In Russian)
  • Platonov A. Smerti net! Rasskazy i publitsistika 1941-1945 godov [There is no death! Stories and journalism]. Moscow, Vremya, 2010, 544 p. (In Russian)
  • Selindzher M. Moy papa ogranichennyy i zhalkiy chelovek [My dad is a limited and pitiful person]. Ogonyok, 2000, № 39, p. 11. (In Russian)