Youth without Work: Family Support as a (De)Stabilizing Factor

Abstract: 
Modern studies have found that the average age of achievement of professional and family status, traditionally related to the stage of adult life (stable work, career, family, marriage and children), is increasing. Increasingly, researchers problematising this process of growing up, highlighting a special group of young people who do not study and do not work (NEET-young people, no-no, hikikomori). they talk about the immaturity, lack of independence of the modern young generation (sometimes hanging the label of “lost generation”), not the desire to grow up and take responsibility. This model of behavior is typical not only for Russia, but also for developed countries. The article highlights the problem of interaction of young people from 20 to 30 years, who are outside the sphere of employment and study, with the parent family. Based on in-depth interviews with young people conducted in 2018, the author analyzes the relationship of unemployed or unstable young people with the social status of the family. Interviews with young unemployed people serve as a basis for identifying the factors of family influence on the formation of the strategy of children’s behavior in the labor sphere.

For citation: Demidenko S.Yu. Youth without Work: Family Support as a (De)Stabilizing Factor. St. Petersburg Sociology Today. 2019. N. 11. P. 50-67. DOI:10.25990/socinstras.pss-11.skjk-q830

References: 
  • Arnett J. J. Adolescence and emerging adulthood: A cultural approach. 4th ed. Boston, Prentice Hall, 2010.
  • Arnett J. J. Emerging Adulthood: The Winding Road from the Late Teens Through the Twenties. 2nd cd. Oxford University Press, 2014.
  • Bauman Z. Individualizirovannoe obshchestvo [TheIndividualizedSouciety]. Moscow, Logos, 2005. (In Russian)
  • Bobkov V. N. et al. Zanyatost’ i sotsial’nayaprekarizatsiya v Rossii: vvedenie v analiz [Employment and social precarization in Russia: introduction to the analysis]. V. N. Bobkov, O. V. Veredyuk, R. P. Kolosova, T. O. Razumova. Moscow, TЕIS, 2014, 96 p., pp. 5-91. (In Russian)
  • Cherednichenko G. A. Trudoustroystvo i polozhenie na rynke truda vypusknikov srednego professional’nogo obrazovaniya. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2019. no. 7 (Is being published) (In Russian)
  • Chernysh M. F. Molodezh’ na rynke truda: problema neravenstva. INAB, 2018, no. 1. Molodezh’: konstruirovanie trudovoy biografii. M. K. Gorshkov et al., Ed. by M. K. Gorshkov. Moscow, Institut sotsiologii FNISTS RAN, 2018, pp. 10-22. (In Russian) Dolzhny li vzroslye deti zhit’ s roditelyami? [Should adult children live with their parents?] Demoskop Weekly, 2019, № 799-800 (Jan. 28 — Feb. 10), URL: http://www.demoscope.ru/weekly/2019/0799/opros04.php (access date: 11.05.2019). (In Russian)
  • Frith S. The Sociology of Youth. London, Open University Press, 1984.
  • Gurko T. A. Novye semeynye formy: tendentsii rasprostraneniya i ponyatiya [New family forms: tendencies of spreading and concepts]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2017, no. 11, pp. 99-110. DOI: 10.7868/S0132162517110113. (In Russian)
  • Kvale S. Issledovatel’skoe interv’yu [Interviews: an Introduction to Qualitative Research]. Moscow, Smysl, 2003 (In Russian)
  • Omel’chenko Е. L. Stilevye strategii zanyatosti [Employment style strategies]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2002, no. 11, pp. 36-47. (In Russian)
  • Radaev V. V. Millenialy na fone predshestvuyushchih pokoleniy: empiricheskiy analiz [Millenials compared to previous generations: an empirical analysis]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2018, no. 3, pp. 15-33. DOI: 10.7868/S0132162518030029. (In Russian) Shul’ts V. L., Lyubimova T. M. Molchanie kak konstrukt diskursa v sotsiolingvistike [Silence as a Discourse Construction in Sociolinguistics]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2018, no. 12, pp. 84-93. DOI: 10.31857/S013216250003172-2 (In Russian)
  • Stending G. Prekariat: novyy opasnyy klass [The Precariat. The New Dangerous Class]. Moscow, Ad Marginem Press, 2014. (In Russian)
  • Temnitskiy A. L. Slagaemye optimizma rossiyskoy molodezhi. Materialy VII mezhdunarodnoy sotsiologicheskoy Grushinskoy konferentsii «Navstrechu budushchemu. P rognozirovanie v sotsiologicheskih issledovaniyah», 15—16 marta 2017 g. Ed. by A. V. Kuleshova. Moscow, AO VTSIOM, 2017, pp. 94-97. (In Russian)
  • Toshchenko Zh. T. Prekariat. Ot protoklassa k novomu klassu [Precariat. From Protoclass to New Class], Moscow, Nauka, 2018. (In Russian)
  • Trudi zanyatost’vRossii. 2017 [Labour and employment in Russia]. Stat. coll. Rosstat. Moscow, 2017, 261 p. (In Russian)
  • Varshavskaya Е. Ya. Rossiyskaya NEET-molodezh’: harakteristika i tipologiya [NEET-youth in Russia: characteristics and typology]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2016, no. 9, pp. 31-39. (Is being published) (In Russian)
  • Varshavskaya Е. Ya. Strategii poiska raboty vypusknikami vuzov: rasprostranennost’ i effektivnost’ [Job search strategies of university graduates: prevalence and effectiveness]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, 2019, no. 7 (Is being published) (In Russian)
  • Yadova M. A. Hikikimori i NEET: osobennost sotsial’noy samoizolyatsii v molodezhnoy srede [Hikikomori and NEET: features of social self-isolation among young people]. Sotsial’nye i gumanitarnye nauki. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya literatura. Seriya 11: Sotsiologiya. Referativnyy zhurnal, 2017, no. 4, pp. 118-124. (In Russian)
  • Yarskaya-Smirnova Е., Karpova G., Vorona M. “Veselye, neponimayushchie i besserdechnye”? O fenomene Pitera Pena [“Cheerful, uncomprehending and heartless?’’ The Peter Pan phenomenon]. Neprikosnovennyy zapas, 2008, no. 6 (62). (In Russian)
  • Zdravomyslova Е. A., Tyomkina A. A. 12 lektsiy po gendernoy sotsiologii: Uchebnoe posobie [12 lectures on gender sociology: Textbook]. Saint Petersburg, Publishing House of the European University at St. Petersburg, 2015. (In Russian)